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We would like you to help us to continue setting the bar and improving the way our clients do business.This complete study package includes · A test-preparation routine proven to help you pass the exams · "Do I Know This Already?" quizzes, which enable you to decide how much time you need to spend on each section · Chapter-ending exercises, which help you drill on key concepts you must know thoroughly · The powerful Pearson IT Certification Practice Test software, complete with hundreds of well-reviewed, exam-realistic questions, customization options, and detailed performance reports · A final preparation chapter, which guides you through tools and resources to help you craft your review and test-taking strategies · Study plan suggestions and templates to help you organize and optimize your study time Well regarded for its level of detail, study plans, assessment features, challenging review questions, and exercises, this official study guide helps you master the concepts and techniques that ensure your exam success.” Quiz 347 Foundation Topics 356 EIGRP Basics and Evolution 356 EIGRP Roots: Interior Gateway Routing Protocol 357 Moving from IGRP to Enhanced IGRP 358 EIGRP Metrics, Packets, and Adjacencies 360 EIGRP Classic Metrics 360 Bandwidth Metric Component 361 Delay Metric Component 361 Reliability Metric Component 362 Load Metric Component 362 MTU Metric Component 363 Hop Count Metric Component 363 Calculating the Composite Metric 363 EIGRP Wide Metrics 364 Tweaking Interface Metrics to Influence Path Selection 368 EIGRP Packet Format 368 EIGRP Packets 371 EIGRP Packets in Action 371 Hello Packets 372 Acknowledgment Packets 372 Update Packets 373 Query Packet 374 Reply Packets 374 SIA-Query and SIA-Reply Packets 374 Reliable Transport Protocol 374 Router Adjacencies 376 Diffusing Update Algorithm 380 Topology Table 380 Computed, Reported, and Feasible Distances, and Feasibility Condition 384 Local and Diffusing Computations in EIGRP 391 DUAL FSM 397 Stuck-In-Active State 402 EIGRP Named Mode 410 Address Family Section 414 Per-AF-Interface Configuration Section 415 Per-AF-Topology Configuration Section 416 Additional and Advanced EIGRP Features 417 Router ID 417 Unequal-Cost Load Balancing 420 Add-Path Support 421 Stub Routing 423 Route Summarization 427 Passive Interfaces 431 Graceful Shutdown 432 Securing EIGRP with Authentication 432 Default Routing Using EIGRP 435 Split Horizon 436 EIGRP Over the To P 437 EIGRP Logging and Reporting 443 EIGRP Route Filtering 443 EIGRP Offset Lists 444 Clearing the IP Routing Table 444 Foundation Summary 445 Memory Builders 450 Fill In Key Tables from Memory 450 Definitions 450 Further Reading 450 Chapter 9 OSPF 453 “Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 453 Foundation Topics 460 OSPF Database Exchange 460 OSPF Router IDs 460 Becoming Neighbors, Exchanging Databases, and Becoming Adjacent 461 OSPF Neighbor States 462 Becoming Neighbors: The Hello Process 464 Transmitting LSA Headers to Neighbors 466 Database Description Exchange: Master/Slave Relationship 466 Requesting, Getting, and Acknowledging LSAs 468 Designated Routers on LANs 469 Designated Router Optimization on LANs 470 DR Election on LANs 471 Designated Routers on WANs and OSPF Network Types 472 Caveats Regarding OSPF Network Types over NBMA Networks 474 Example of OSPF Network Types and NBMA 474 SPF Calculation 479 Steady-State Operation 480 OSPF Design and LSAs 480 OSPF Design Terms 480 OSPF Path Selection Process 482 LSA Types 482 LSA Types 1 and 2 484 LSA Type 3 and Inter-Area Costs 488 LSA Types 4 and 5, and External Route Types 1 and 2 492 OSPF Design in Light of LSA Types 496 Stubby Areas 496 OSPF Path Choices That Do Not Use Cost 502 Choosing the Best Type of Path 502 Best-Path Side Effects of ABR Loop Prevention 502 OSPF Configuration 505 OSPF Costs and Clearing the OSPF Process 507 Alternatives to the OSPF network Command 510 OSPF Filtering 510 Filtering Routes Using the distribute-list Command 511 OSPF ABR LSA Type 3 Filtering 513 Filtering Type 3 LSAs with the area range Command 514 Virtual Link Configuration 515 Configuring Classic OSPF Authentication 517 Configuring Extended Cryptographic OSPF Authentication 520 Protecting OSPF Routers with TTL Security Check 522 Tuning OSPF Performance 523 Tuning the SPF Scheduling with SPF Throttling 524 Tuning the LSA Origination with LSA Throttling 526 Incremental SPF 527 OSPFv2 Prefix Suppression 528 OSPF Stub Router Configuration 529 OSPF Graceful Restart 530 OSPF Graceful Shutdown 532 OSPFv3 533 Differences Between OSPFv2 and OSPFv3 533 Virtual Links, Address Summarization, and Other OSPFv3 Features 534 OSPFv3 LSA Types 534 OSPFv3 in NBMA Networks 536 Configuring OSPFv3 over Frame Relay 537 Enabling and Configuring OSPFv3 537 OSPFv3 Authentication and Encryption 546 OSPFv3 Address Family Support 548 OSPFv3 Prefix Suppression 552 OSPFv3 Graceful Shutdown 552 Foundation Summary 553 Memory Builders 560 Fill in Key Tables from Memory 560 Definitions 560 Further Reading 561 Chapter 10 IS-IS 563 “Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 267 Foundation Topics 271 IP Forwarding 271 Process Switching, Fast Switching, and Cisco Express Forwarding 272 Load Sharing with CEF and Related Issues 282 Multilayer Switching 286 MLS Logic 286 Using Routed Ports and Port-channels with MLS 287 MLS Configuration 291 Policy Routing 296 Routing Protocol Changes and Migration 299 Planning the Migration Strategy 300 Activating New IGP While Keeping the Current IGP Intact 300 Verifying New IGP Adjacencies and Working Database Contents 301 Deactivating Current IGP 301 Removing New IGP’s Temporary Settings 303 Specifics of Distance-Vector Protocols in IGP Migration 303 Foundation Summary 309 Memory Builders 310 Fill In Key Tables from Memory 310 Definitions 310 Further Reading 310 Chapter 7 RIPv2 and RIPng 313 “Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 313 Foundation Topics 316 Introduction to Dynamic Routing 316 RIPv2 Basics 318 RIPv2 Convergence and Loop Prevention 320 Converged Steady-State Operation 327 Triggered (Flash) Updates and Poisoned Routes 328 RIPv2 Convergence When Routing Updates Cease 331 Convergence Extras 334 RIPv2 Configuration 334 Enabling RIPv2 and the Effects of Autosummarization 335 RIPv2 Authentication 337 RIPv2 Next-Hop Feature and Split Horizon 338 RIPv2 Offset Lists 338 Route Filtering with Distribute Lists and Prefix Lists 338 RIPng for IPv6 339 Foundation Summary 342 Memory Builders 345 Definitions 345 Further Reading 345 Chapter 8 EIGRP 347 “Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 47 Foundation Topics 51 Virtual LANs 51 VLAN Configuration 51 Using VLAN Database Mode to Create VLANs 52 Using Configuration Mode to Put Interfaces into VLANs 55 Using Configuration Mode to Create VLANs 56 Modifying the Operational State of VLANs 57 Private VLANs 60 VLAN Trunking: ISL and 802.1Q 69 ISL and 802.1Q Concepts 69 ISL and 802.1Q Configuration 71 Allowed, Active, and Pruned VLANs 76 Trunk Configuration Compatibility 76 Configuring Trunking on Routers 77 802.1Q-in-Q Tunneling 79 VLAN Trunking Protocol 83 VTP Process and Revision Numbers 86 VTP Configuration 89 Normal-Range and Extended-Range VLANs 94 Storing VLAN Configuration 94 Configuring PPPo E 96 Foundation Summary 99 Memory Builders 101 Fill In Key Tables from Memory 101 Definitions 101 Further Reading 101 Chapter 3 Spanning Tree Protocol 103 “Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 103 Foundation Topics 107 802.1D Spanning Tree Protocol and Improvements 107 Choosing Which Ports Forward: Choosing Root Ports and Designated Ports 109 Electing a Root Switch 110 Determining the Root Port 111 Determining the Designated Port 113 Converging to a New STP Topology 115 Topology Change Notification and Updating the CAM 117 Transitioning from Blocking to Forwarding 119 Per-VLAN Spanning Tree and STP over Trunks 119 STP Configuration and Analysis 124 Rapid Spanning Tree Protocol 128 New Port Roles, States and Types, and New Link Types 128 Changes to BPDU Format and Handling 132 Proposal/Agreement Process in RSTP 133 Topology Change Handling in RSTP 136 Rapid Per-VLAN Spanning Tree Plus (RPVST ) 137 Multiple Spanning Trees: IEEE 802.1s 137 MST Principles of Operation 138 Interoperability Between MST and Other STP Versions 141 MST Configuration 144 Protecting and Optimizing STP 148 Port Fast Ports 148 Root Guard, BPDU Guard, and BPDU Filter: Protecting Access Ports 149 Protecting Against Unidirectional Link Issues 151 Configuring and Troubleshooting Ether Channels 154 Load Balancing Across Port-Channels 154 Port-Channel Discovery and Configuration 157 Troubleshooting Complex Layer 2 Issues 161 Layer 2 Troubleshooting Process 162 Layer 2 Protocol Troubleshooting and Commands 163 Troubleshooting Using Cisco Discovery Protocol 163 Troubleshooting Using Link Layer Discovery Protocol 165 Troubleshooting Using Basic Interface Statistics 167 Troubleshooting Spanning Tree Protocol 170 Troubleshooting Trunking 171 Troubleshooting VTP 172 Troubleshooting Ether Channels 174 Approaches to Resolving Layer 2 Issues 175 Foundation Summary 177 Memory Builders 179 Fill in Key Tables from Memory 179 Definitions 179 Further Reading 179 Part II IP Networking Chapter 4 IP Addressing 183 “Do I Know This Already?Your purchase will deliver: The popular standard, used most often with the free Adobe® Reader® software.The e Books require no passwords or activation to read.