i), Pope Leo I wrote to Dioscorus, Bishop of Alexandria, that "it is permissible to celebrate mass in the first part of the day." But the day begins at midnight, as was said above (III:80:8 ad 5).Therefore it seems that after midnight it is lawful to celebrate. Further, in one of the Sunday Secrets (Ninth Sunday after Pentecost) we say: "Grant us, Lord, we beseech Thee, to frequent these mysteries." But there will be greater frequency if the priest celebrates several times a day.
But it was in the evening that Christ consecrated this sacrament.
Therefore it seems that this sacrament ought to be celebrated at that time of day. Further, as is set down in the Decretals (De Consecr., dist.
Nor is it true, as some affirm, that the wine is changed into blood when the particle of Christ's body is dropped into it.
Because this cannot be done otherwise than by consecration under the due form of words.
Please help support the mission of New Advent and get the full contents of this website as an instant download.
Includes the Catholic Encyclopedia, Church Fathers, Summa, Bible and more all for only .99... It seems that Christ is not sacrificed in the celebration of this sacrament.either, as on feast-days, at the hour of Terce, when He was crucified by the tongues of the Jews (Mark ), and when the Holy Ghost descended upon the disciples (Acts ); or, as when no feast is kept, at the hour of Sext, when He was crucified at the hands of the soldiers (John ), or, as on fasting days, at None, when crying out with a loud voice He gave up the ghost (Matthew -50). As a rule mass ought to be said in the day and not in the night, because Christ is present in this sacrament, Who says (John 9:4-5): "I must work the works of Him that sent Me, whilst it is day: because the night cometh when no man can work; as long as I am in the world, I am the light of the world." Yet this should be done in such a manner that the beginning of the day is not to be taken from midnight; nor from sunrise, that is, when the substance of the sun appears above the earth; but when the dawn begins to show: because then the sun is said to be risen when the brightness of his beams appears. Exception is made on the night of Christmas eve, when mass is celebrated, because our Lord was born in the night (De Consecr., dist. And in like manner it is celebrated on Holy Saturday towards the beginning of the night, since our Lord rose in the night, that is, "when it was yet dark, before the sun's rising was manifest." Reply to Objection 5. 1), in virtue of a decree of Pope Alexander II, "it is enough for a priest to celebrate one mass each day, because Christ suffered once and redeemed the whole world; and very happy is he who can worthily celebrate one mass.Nevertheless the mass can be postponed, especially when Holy orders have to be conferred, and still more on Holy Saturday; both on account of the length of the office, and also because orders belong to the Sunday, as is set forth in the Decretals (dist. Masses, however, can be celebrated "in the first part of the day," owing to any necessity; as is stated De Consecr., dist. Accordingly it is written (Mark 16:1) that "the women came to the tomb, the sun being now risen"; though, as John relates (John 20:1), "while it was yet dark they came to the tomb." It is in this way that Augustine explains this difference (De Consens. But there are some who say one mass for the dead, and another of the day, if need be.As the celebration of this sacrament is an image representing Christ's Passion, so the altar is representative of the cross itself, upon which Christ was sacrificed in His proper species. For as was observed above (Article 1), this sacrament is representative of our Lord's Passion.But the commemoration of our Lord's Passion takes place in the Church once in the year: because Augustine says (Enarr. 21): "Is not Christ slain as often as the Pasch is celebrated?Therefore it seems that the priest ought not to be hindered from celebrating several times daily.On the contrary is the custom which the Church observes according to the statutes of the Canons.For it is written (Hebrews ) that "Christ by one oblation hath perfected for ever them that are sanctified." But that oblation was His oblation. iv), in Christ's sacrifice the priest and the victim are one and the same.Therefore Christ is not sacrificed in the celebration of this sacrament. Further, Christ's sacrifice was made upon the cross, whereon "He delivered Himself for us, an oblation and a sacrifice to God for an odor of sweetness," as is said in Ephesians 5:2. But in the celebration of this sacrament the priest and the victim are not the same. xcviii): "Christ was sacrificed once in Himself, and yet He is sacrificed daily in the Sacrament." I answer that, The celebration of this sacrament is called a sacrifice for two reasons. ii), "the images of things are called by the names of the things whereof they are the images; as when we look upon a picture or a fresco, we say, 'This is Cicero and that is Sallust.'" But, as was said above (III:79:1), the celebration of this sacrament is an image representing Christ's Passion, which is His true sacrifice.But I do not deem that those escape condemnation who presume to celebrate several masses daily, either for the sake of money, or to gain flattery from the laity." And Pope Innocent III says (Extra, De Celebr. Consuluisti) that "except on the day of our Lord's birth, unless necessity urges, it suffices for a priest to celebrate only one mass each day." Objection 1.It seems that this sacrament ought not to be celebrated in a house and with sacred vessels.