They headed north using star navigation about 11 000 years ago and found a large herd of migrating reindeer in Arctic Norway.
The first people to settle on the west coasts of the Atlantic Islands 11000 to 10 000 years ago were likely the support crews for the reindeer hunters of Finnmark in Arctic Norway, who needed safe harbours, resting places, supply and repair services for thier ocean transport ships.
The original Europeans who carried the rhesus negative blood factor 35 000 years ago are probably the original Europeans who painted the comic strips and other art in the caves of southern France and northern Spain which includes the Chauvet-Pont-d' Arc cave and the Lascaux cave paintings found in the Pyrennes.
The rhesus negative blood factor is a recessive phenotype while the O rhesus positive factor is a dominant phenotype.
It is positively sure that a few of the O rhesus positive women joined the O rhesus negative tribe, but a lot of the women travelling to southern Europe just below the Swiss alps likely still had the O rhesus negative factor while those travelling north of the glaciated Swiss alps likely had the O rhesus positive factor.
This may explain why a lot of Spanish and Italians presently have dark hair as opposed to the Germans and French who have lighter complexions and blond or blonde hair.
A coracle was placed on top of the gripper bar raft which was tied down to the corners of the raft with leather rope.
The coracle may have had small holes in it to allow for a paddle rudder mounted on an A-frame to steer the raft.
The weather appears to have been considerably better than it is today as O'Kelly wrote: "In circa 9,600 BP, the Boreal Phase, birch was still present but hazel began to expand greatly.
The lowlands and lower mountain slopes became covered in woodland and the heath lands seem to have disappeared.