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As Secretary of State Hillary Clinton has stated, “Human rights are universal, but their experience is local. Through these efforts DOE and the National Laboratory resources are integrated into the national American Indian STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics) educational infrastructure, providing a significant contribution to the science education experience of Native American students, particularly those pursuing careers in energy development. Perhaps the most important long-term investment for any country, people, or individual is in education. law to enhance the role of tribes in the education of their youth and to give them greater flexibility in the use of federal funds to meet the unique needs of American Indian and Alaska Native students. health care system, enacted in March 2010, includes important provisions to reduce the gaping health care disparities that Native Americans still face. government has also made improving public safety in tribal communities a high priority; in 2009, Attorney General Holder announced a Department of Justice initiative for this purpose. Attorneys dedicated to prosecuting crime in Indian country in nearly two dozen districts. Of these, 36.3 % alleged retaliation, 35.9 % discrimination based on race, 29 % on sex, 23.3 % on age, 25.2 % on disability, 11.3% on national origin, and 3.8 % on religion.[1] The EEOC also conducts administrative hearings and adjudicates complaints of employment discrimination filed against the federal government as an employer, and it may award relief to federal government employees and applicants. Under a United States Supreme Court ruling interpreting the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), states must place qualified individuals with disabilities in community settings rather than in institutions, whenever community placement is appropriate, and when the placement can be reasonably accommodated, taking into account factors such as available state resources and needs of others with disabilities. The link to the President’s remarks can be found at: The Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) also plays a key role in carrying out the President’s community living initiative. 345(a)(6); and · Periodically investigate and review Department, component, or element actions, policies, procedures, guidelines, and related laws and their implementation to ensure that such department, agency, or element is adequately considering civil liberties in its actions, 42 U. DOJ/CRS works with a panoply of racial and ethnic groups in the United States, including new immigrants as well as Hispanic Americans, Asian Americans, South Asian Americans, Somali Americans, Ethiopian Americans, Arab Americans and others. To help manage the federal inmate population, and when it is cost effective and consistent with the agency’s mission and programs, in some cases BOP contracts with privately-operated prisons and community corrections centers (or halfway houses). Complaints about the failure of individual law enforcement officers to comply with procedural rights are made to federal and state authorities. Because at the time of our founding, I had no rights -- people who looked like me. In that context, there is a significant need as well as opportunity for fostering the development of future American Indian and Alaska Native leaders with the scientific and technological skill required to assist tribal communities in managing their lands and developing their energy resources. With the goal of expanding such testing to include discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity, HUD held consultations with residents in five cities to offer ideas on how to test for such additional bases of discrimination. The EEOC enforces Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Pregnancy Discrimination Act, the Equal Pay Act of 1963, the Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967, Titles I and V of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (as amended), Sections 501 and 505 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, and Title II of the Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act of 2008. 271 (2009) (Title VII anti-retaliation protection extends beyond protection for filing a charge of discrimination and includes those who participate in internal investigations regarding workplace discrimination); Gomez-Perez v. During fiscal year 2010, HHS/OCR completed 1,859 new Medicare application reviews. Despite the legal protections in force and the work to ensure equal access to health care, some civil society representatives have raised concerns regarding racial and ethnic disparities in access to health services, including reproductive health services for women, and in some health indices in the population. DOJ has been actively pursuing enforcement actions in a variety of states to require community placements for persons with disabilities. The Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) has embarked on a post-Olmstead initiative, using existing enforcement tools under Section 504, the Fair Housing Act, and title II of the ADA. In addition, other federal government departments also have active outreach programs to immigrant communities. The BOP places inmates in facilities commensurate with their security and program needs through a system of classification that allows the use of professional judgment within specific guidelines. But it is because of that process that I can now stand before you as President of the United States. To help develop these future energy leaders, the Department of Energy contributes to the education of American Indian and Alaska Native youth through two initiatives: Tribal Energy Program’s internship program with Sandia National Laboratory, and a new pilot project called the American Indian Research and Education Initiative (AIREI). Those consultations have informed a Housing Discrimination Study into the area of LGBT discrimination. The EEOC accepts charges of employment discrimination and investigates, attempts to resolve, and in some instances litigates these charges. These issues are discussed in more detail in the U. reports to the Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination, available at Specifically HUD has: HUD also uses its enforcement authority to promote and protect the rights of persons with disabilities to equal access to housing with reasonable accommodations. In addition, on July 30, 2009, the United States signed the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. DOJ/CRD works closely with immigrant communities to address civil rights concerns, such as racial profiling by law enforcement and discrimination in the areas of housing, employment and education, and prosecute racially- or ethnically-motivated hate crimes against immigrants. When the actual practice of detention in the United States does not meet constitutional standards, individuals are held accountable. 1997(a), authorizes the Attorney General of the United States to sue for equitable relief when there is reasonable cause to believe that a state or locality is subjecting institutionalized persons to conditions that deprive them of their rights under the Constitution or federal laws. Persons being detained prior to trial or while waiting for immigration hearings are normally sent to special detention facilities or housing units within correctional institutions. Decisions of immigration judges in removal cases may be appealed to the Board of Immigration Appeals within 30 days of the judge’s decision. In April 2009, Secretary Salazar announced 0 million in Indian Country Economic Recovery Projects aimed at job creation, construction and infrastructure improvements, and workforce development. In December 2010, Energy Secretary Chu announced the establishment of a Department of Energy Office of Indian Energy Policy and Programs, led by a member of the Cheyenne River Sioux Tribe. See Joint Letter for Equal Pay in the Federal Government, Under Supreme Court holdings, justification for distinctions based on sex must be “exceedingly persuasive.” United States v. And it must not rely on overbroad generalizations about the different talents, capacities, or preferences of males and females.” Id. In 2011, HUD's Office of Fair Housing and Equal Opportunity (FHEO) received an increasing number of complaints of lending discrimination involving maternity/paternity leave issues. The Court’s rationale focused on the interplay between the PDA and Title VII of the Civil Rights Act’s allowance for bona fide seniority systems that were lawful when the seniority was calculated. See discussion concerning Victims of Crime under Article 6, above. From October 2005 through July 2011, the United States granted T visas to trafficking victims and family members as follows: * Some approvals and denials are from prior fiscal year(s) filings. After the initial 90-day period, an alien may be detained for an additional period on a discretionary basis, or the alien may be released on conditions if he or she does not pose a flight risk or danger to the public. It further recommended institution of a program for preventing, detecting, investigating, and addressing staff sexual abuse in cellblock and transportation operations, institution of new or revised policies providing specific guidance to prison staff members on the protocol for responding to sexual abuse allegations and providing victim services, and improved training for investigators and prosecutors. The office is charged with directing and implementing energy planning and programs that assist tribes with energy development and electrification of Native American lands and homes. Government is also working with tribal leaders to bring high speed internet access to their communities. (as amended), which provided that beneficial title to allotted lands would vest in the United States as trustee for individual Indians. DOJ/CRD continues its efforts to aggressively enforce civil rights laws to give meaning to the promise of equal opportunity. The alleged discrimination often involves pregnant women, women who have recently given birth and who are on maternity leave, as well as men who are on paternity leave due to the birth or adoption of a child. Prohibition of discrimination in education on the basis of pregnancy. 106.40 (a) and (b), specifically prohibit educational institutions that are recipients of federal financial assistance from applying any rule concerning a student’s actual or potential parental, family, or marital status that treats students differently on the basis of sex and from discriminating against any student on the basis of such student’s pregnancy, childbirth, false pregnancy, termination of pregnancy or recovery therefrom, unless the student requests voluntarily to participate in a separate portion of the recipient’s education program or activity. (employment) The law described in paragraphs 75 and 76 of the Second and Third Periodic Report concerning the protections offered by these statutes has not changed. The Court also relied on the lack of Congressional intent to apply the PDA retroactively to pregnancy-based distinctions. In recognition of the severity of the crimes associated with domestic violence, sexual assault, and stalking, Congress passed the Violence Against Women Act of 1994 (VAWA 1994) as part of the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994. ** Some applicants have been denied twice (i.e., filed once, denied, and then filed again). A number of institutional structures exist to combat trafficking in persons, including forced labor. DOJ has made significant progress in implementing the recommendations listed in this paragraph and expects to be able to implement all of them. Shackling of pregnant female prisoners during transportation, labor, and delivery. Proceedings may also be closed to the public upon a showing by DHS that information to be disclosed in court may harm the national security or law enforcement interests of the United States, 8 C. For purposes of brevity those descriptions and explanations will not be repeated in this report. In this report, the United States has considered carefully the views expressed by the Committee in its prior written communications and public sessions with the United States. Government has consulted with representatives of civil society and has sought information and input from their organizations. Paragraphs 12-25 of the Initial Report and paragraphs 5-14 of the combined Second and Third Periodic Report set forth the policy of the United States of promoting self-government in the Insular Areas of the United States. The Insular Areas of the United States remain the same as indicated in the combined Second and Third Periodic Report. In 2009, President Obama expanded the mandate of the Task Force to include recommendations on policies that promote job creation, education, health care, clean energy, and economic development in Puerto Rico. The initiative involves “bridge training” for state police officers, enabling them to become federal officers; and collaboration with the Indian Health Service to develop a unified response mechanism to prevent and contain suicide emergencies. Similarly, the way in which a state government chooses to allocate its financial resources among categories of needy people will be reviewed under this highly deferential standard. Additionally, CRD enforces the anti-discrimination provision of the Immigration and Nationality Act, codified at 8 U. Employers may not treat work-authorized individuals differently because of their citizenship status. DOJ/CRD has placed a priority on prosecuting bias crimes and incidents of discrimination against Muslims, Sikhs, and persons of Arab and South Asian descent, as well as persons perceived to be members of these groups. HHS/OCR has received complaints filed by or on behalf of a wide range of individuals, including individuals with physical, psychiatric, developmental, and cognitive impairments, and individuals of all ages. Department of Agriculture (USDA) continues to implement the historic civil rights Consent Decree in the federal district court case of Pigford v. As of June 30, 2010, over 22,600 class members had received more than

As Secretary of State Hillary Clinton has stated, “Human rights are universal, but their experience is local. Through these efforts DOE and the National Laboratory resources are integrated into the national American Indian STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics) educational infrastructure, providing a significant contribution to the science education experience of Native American students, particularly those pursuing careers in energy development. Perhaps the most important long-term investment for any country, people, or individual is in education. law to enhance the role of tribes in the education of their youth and to give them greater flexibility in the use of federal funds to meet the unique needs of American Indian and Alaska Native students. health care system, enacted in March 2010, includes important provisions to reduce the gaping health care disparities that Native Americans still face. government has also made improving public safety in tribal communities a high priority; in 2009, Attorney General Holder announced a Department of Justice initiative for this purpose. Attorneys dedicated to prosecuting crime in Indian country in nearly two dozen districts. Of these, 36.3 % alleged retaliation, 35.9 % discrimination based on race, 29 % on sex, 23.3 % on age, 25.2 % on disability, 11.3% on national origin, and 3.8 % on religion.[1] The EEOC also conducts administrative hearings and adjudicates complaints of employment discrimination filed against the federal government as an employer, and it may award relief to federal government employees and applicants. Under a United States Supreme Court ruling interpreting the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), states must place qualified individuals with disabilities in community settings rather than in institutions, whenever community placement is appropriate, and when the placement can be reasonably accommodated, taking into account factors such as available state resources and needs of others with disabilities. The link to the President’s remarks can be found at: The Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) also plays a key role in carrying out the President’s community living initiative. 345(a)(6); and · Periodically investigate and review Department, component, or element actions, policies, procedures, guidelines, and related laws and their implementation to ensure that such department, agency, or element is adequately considering civil liberties in its actions, 42 U. DOJ/CRS works with a panoply of racial and ethnic groups in the United States, including new immigrants as well as Hispanic Americans, Asian Americans, South Asian Americans, Somali Americans, Ethiopian Americans, Arab Americans and others. To help manage the federal inmate population, and when it is cost effective and consistent with the agency’s mission and programs, in some cases BOP contracts with privately-operated prisons and community corrections centers (or halfway houses). Complaints about the failure of individual law enforcement officers to comply with procedural rights are made to federal and state authorities.

Because at the time of our founding, I had no rights -- people who looked like me. In that context, there is a significant need as well as opportunity for fostering the development of future American Indian and Alaska Native leaders with the scientific and technological skill required to assist tribal communities in managing their lands and developing their energy resources. With the goal of expanding such testing to include discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity, HUD held consultations with residents in five cities to offer ideas on how to test for such additional bases of discrimination. The EEOC enforces Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Pregnancy Discrimination Act, the Equal Pay Act of 1963, the Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967, Titles I and V of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (as amended), Sections 501 and 505 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, and Title II of the Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act of 2008. 271 (2009) (Title VII anti-retaliation protection extends beyond protection for filing a charge of discrimination and includes those who participate in internal investigations regarding workplace discrimination); Gomez-Perez v. During fiscal year 2010, HHS/OCR completed 1,859 new Medicare application reviews. Despite the legal protections in force and the work to ensure equal access to health care, some civil society representatives have raised concerns regarding racial and ethnic disparities in access to health services, including reproductive health services for women, and in some health indices in the population. DOJ has been actively pursuing enforcement actions in a variety of states to require community placements for persons with disabilities. The Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) has embarked on a post-Olmstead initiative, using existing enforcement tools under Section 504, the Fair Housing Act, and title II of the ADA. In addition, other federal government departments also have active outreach programs to immigrant communities. The BOP places inmates in facilities commensurate with their security and program needs through a system of classification that allows the use of professional judgment within specific guidelines.

But it is because of that process that I can now stand before you as President of the United States. To help develop these future energy leaders, the Department of Energy contributes to the education of American Indian and Alaska Native youth through two initiatives: Tribal Energy Program’s internship program with Sandia National Laboratory, and a new pilot project called the American Indian Research and Education Initiative (AIREI). Those consultations have informed a Housing Discrimination Study into the area of LGBT discrimination. The EEOC accepts charges of employment discrimination and investigates, attempts to resolve, and in some instances litigates these charges. These issues are discussed in more detail in the U. reports to the Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination, available at Specifically HUD has: HUD also uses its enforcement authority to promote and protect the rights of persons with disabilities to equal access to housing with reasonable accommodations. In addition, on July 30, 2009, the United States signed the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. DOJ/CRD works closely with immigrant communities to address civil rights concerns, such as racial profiling by law enforcement and discrimination in the areas of housing, employment and education, and prosecute racially- or ethnically-motivated hate crimes against immigrants. When the actual practice of detention in the United States does not meet constitutional standards, individuals are held accountable. 1997(a), authorizes the Attorney General of the United States to sue for equitable relief when there is reasonable cause to believe that a state or locality is subjecting institutionalized persons to conditions that deprive them of their rights under the Constitution or federal laws. Persons being detained prior to trial or while waiting for immigration hearings are normally sent to special detention facilities or housing units within correctional institutions. Decisions of immigration judges in removal cases may be appealed to the Board of Immigration Appeals within 30 days of the judge’s decision.

In April 2009, Secretary Salazar announced $500 million in Indian Country Economic Recovery Projects aimed at job creation, construction and infrastructure improvements, and workforce development. In December 2010, Energy Secretary Chu announced the establishment of a Department of Energy Office of Indian Energy Policy and Programs, led by a member of the Cheyenne River Sioux Tribe. See Joint Letter for Equal Pay in the Federal Government, Under Supreme Court holdings, justification for distinctions based on sex must be “exceedingly persuasive.” United States v. And it must not rely on overbroad generalizations about the different talents, capacities, or preferences of males and females.” Id. In 2011, HUD's Office of Fair Housing and Equal Opportunity (FHEO) received an increasing number of complaints of lending discrimination involving maternity/paternity leave issues. The Court’s rationale focused on the interplay between the PDA and Title VII of the Civil Rights Act’s allowance for bona fide seniority systems that were lawful when the seniority was calculated. See discussion concerning Victims of Crime under Article 6, above. From October 2005 through July 2011, the United States granted T visas to trafficking victims and family members as follows: * Some approvals and denials are from prior fiscal year(s) filings. After the initial 90-day period, an alien may be detained for an additional period on a discretionary basis, or the alien may be released on conditions if he or she does not pose a flight risk or danger to the public. It further recommended institution of a program for preventing, detecting, investigating, and addressing staff sexual abuse in cellblock and transportation operations, institution of new or revised policies providing specific guidance to prison staff members on the protocol for responding to sexual abuse allegations and providing victim services, and improved training for investigators and prosecutors.

The office is charged with directing and implementing energy planning and programs that assist tribes with energy development and electrification of Native American lands and homes. Government is also working with tribal leaders to bring high speed internet access to their communities. (as amended), which provided that beneficial title to allotted lands would vest in the United States as trustee for individual Indians. DOJ/CRD continues its efforts to aggressively enforce civil rights laws to give meaning to the promise of equal opportunity. The alleged discrimination often involves pregnant women, women who have recently given birth and who are on maternity leave, as well as men who are on paternity leave due to the birth or adoption of a child. Prohibition of discrimination in education on the basis of pregnancy. 106.40 (a) and (b), specifically prohibit educational institutions that are recipients of federal financial assistance from applying any rule concerning a student’s actual or potential parental, family, or marital status that treats students differently on the basis of sex and from discriminating against any student on the basis of such student’s pregnancy, childbirth, false pregnancy, termination of pregnancy or recovery therefrom, unless the student requests voluntarily to participate in a separate portion of the recipient’s education program or activity. (employment) The law described in paragraphs 75 and 76 of the Second and Third Periodic Report concerning the protections offered by these statutes has not changed. The Court also relied on the lack of Congressional intent to apply the PDA retroactively to pregnancy-based distinctions. In recognition of the severity of the crimes associated with domestic violence, sexual assault, and stalking, Congress passed the Violence Against Women Act of 1994 (VAWA 1994) as part of the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994. ** Some applicants have been denied twice (i.e., filed once, denied, and then filed again). A number of institutional structures exist to combat trafficking in persons, including forced labor. DOJ has made significant progress in implementing the recommendations listed in this paragraph and expects to be able to implement all of them. Shackling of pregnant female prisoners during transportation, labor, and delivery. Proceedings may also be closed to the public upon a showing by DHS that information to be disclosed in court may harm the national security or law enforcement interests of the United States, 8 C.

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As Secretary of State Hillary Clinton has stated, “Human rights are universal, but their experience is local. Through these efforts DOE and the National Laboratory resources are integrated into the national American Indian STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics) educational infrastructure, providing a significant contribution to the science education experience of Native American students, particularly those pursuing careers in energy development. Perhaps the most important long-term investment for any country, people, or individual is in education. law to enhance the role of tribes in the education of their youth and to give them greater flexibility in the use of federal funds to meet the unique needs of American Indian and Alaska Native students. health care system, enacted in March 2010, includes important provisions to reduce the gaping health care disparities that Native Americans still face. government has also made improving public safety in tribal communities a high priority; in 2009, Attorney General Holder announced a Department of Justice initiative for this purpose. Attorneys dedicated to prosecuting crime in Indian country in nearly two dozen districts. Of these, 36.3 % alleged retaliation, 35.9 % discrimination based on race, 29 % on sex, 23.3 % on age, 25.2 % on disability, 11.3% on national origin, and 3.8 % on religion.[1] The EEOC also conducts administrative hearings and adjudicates complaints of employment discrimination filed against the federal government as an employer, and it may award relief to federal government employees and applicants. Under a United States Supreme Court ruling interpreting the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), states must place qualified individuals with disabilities in community settings rather than in institutions, whenever community placement is appropriate, and when the placement can be reasonably accommodated, taking into account factors such as available state resources and needs of others with disabilities. The link to the President’s remarks can be found at: The Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) also plays a key role in carrying out the President’s community living initiative. 345(a)(6); and · Periodically investigate and review Department, component, or element actions, policies, procedures, guidelines, and related laws and their implementation to ensure that such department, agency, or element is adequately considering civil liberties in its actions, 42 U. DOJ/CRS works with a panoply of racial and ethnic groups in the United States, including new immigrants as well as Hispanic Americans, Asian Americans, South Asian Americans, Somali Americans, Ethiopian Americans, Arab Americans and others. To help manage the federal inmate population, and when it is cost effective and consistent with the agency’s mission and programs, in some cases BOP contracts with privately-operated prisons and community corrections centers (or halfway houses). Complaints about the failure of individual law enforcement officers to comply with procedural rights are made to federal and state authorities. Because at the time of our founding, I had no rights -- people who looked like me. In that context, there is a significant need as well as opportunity for fostering the development of future American Indian and Alaska Native leaders with the scientific and technological skill required to assist tribal communities in managing their lands and developing their energy resources. With the goal of expanding such testing to include discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity, HUD held consultations with residents in five cities to offer ideas on how to test for such additional bases of discrimination. The EEOC enforces Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Pregnancy Discrimination Act, the Equal Pay Act of 1963, the Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967, Titles I and V of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (as amended), Sections 501 and 505 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, and Title II of the Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act of 2008. 271 (2009) (Title VII anti-retaliation protection extends beyond protection for filing a charge of discrimination and includes those who participate in internal investigations regarding workplace discrimination); Gomez-Perez v. During fiscal year 2010, HHS/OCR completed 1,859 new Medicare application reviews. Despite the legal protections in force and the work to ensure equal access to health care, some civil society representatives have raised concerns regarding racial and ethnic disparities in access to health services, including reproductive health services for women, and in some health indices in the population. DOJ has been actively pursuing enforcement actions in a variety of states to require community placements for persons with disabilities. The Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) has embarked on a post-Olmstead initiative, using existing enforcement tools under Section 504, the Fair Housing Act, and title II of the ADA. In addition, other federal government departments also have active outreach programs to immigrant communities. The BOP places inmates in facilities commensurate with their security and program needs through a system of classification that allows the use of professional judgment within specific guidelines. But it is because of that process that I can now stand before you as President of the United States. To help develop these future energy leaders, the Department of Energy contributes to the education of American Indian and Alaska Native youth through two initiatives: Tribal Energy Program’s internship program with Sandia National Laboratory, and a new pilot project called the American Indian Research and Education Initiative (AIREI). Those consultations have informed a Housing Discrimination Study into the area of LGBT discrimination. The EEOC accepts charges of employment discrimination and investigates, attempts to resolve, and in some instances litigates these charges. These issues are discussed in more detail in the U. reports to the Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination, available at Specifically HUD has: HUD also uses its enforcement authority to promote and protect the rights of persons with disabilities to equal access to housing with reasonable accommodations. In addition, on July 30, 2009, the United States signed the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. DOJ/CRD works closely with immigrant communities to address civil rights concerns, such as racial profiling by law enforcement and discrimination in the areas of housing, employment and education, and prosecute racially- or ethnically-motivated hate crimes against immigrants. When the actual practice of detention in the United States does not meet constitutional standards, individuals are held accountable. 1997(a), authorizes the Attorney General of the United States to sue for equitable relief when there is reasonable cause to believe that a state or locality is subjecting institutionalized persons to conditions that deprive them of their rights under the Constitution or federal laws. Persons being detained prior to trial or while waiting for immigration hearings are normally sent to special detention facilities or housing units within correctional institutions. Decisions of immigration judges in removal cases may be appealed to the Board of Immigration Appeals within 30 days of the judge’s decision. In April 2009, Secretary Salazar announced $500 million in Indian Country Economic Recovery Projects aimed at job creation, construction and infrastructure improvements, and workforce development. In December 2010, Energy Secretary Chu announced the establishment of a Department of Energy Office of Indian Energy Policy and Programs, led by a member of the Cheyenne River Sioux Tribe. See Joint Letter for Equal Pay in the Federal Government, Under Supreme Court holdings, justification for distinctions based on sex must be “exceedingly persuasive.” United States v. And it must not rely on overbroad generalizations about the different talents, capacities, or preferences of males and females.” Id. In 2011, HUD's Office of Fair Housing and Equal Opportunity (FHEO) received an increasing number of complaints of lending discrimination involving maternity/paternity leave issues. The Court’s rationale focused on the interplay between the PDA and Title VII of the Civil Rights Act’s allowance for bona fide seniority systems that were lawful when the seniority was calculated. See discussion concerning Victims of Crime under Article 6, above. From October 2005 through July 2011, the United States granted T visas to trafficking victims and family members as follows: * Some approvals and denials are from prior fiscal year(s) filings. After the initial 90-day period, an alien may be detained for an additional period on a discretionary basis, or the alien may be released on conditions if he or she does not pose a flight risk or danger to the public. It further recommended institution of a program for preventing, detecting, investigating, and addressing staff sexual abuse in cellblock and transportation operations, institution of new or revised policies providing specific guidance to prison staff members on the protocol for responding to sexual abuse allegations and providing victim services, and improved training for investigators and prosecutors. The office is charged with directing and implementing energy planning and programs that assist tribes with energy development and electrification of Native American lands and homes. Government is also working with tribal leaders to bring high speed internet access to their communities. (as amended), which provided that beneficial title to allotted lands would vest in the United States as trustee for individual Indians. DOJ/CRD continues its efforts to aggressively enforce civil rights laws to give meaning to the promise of equal opportunity. The alleged discrimination often involves pregnant women, women who have recently given birth and who are on maternity leave, as well as men who are on paternity leave due to the birth or adoption of a child. Prohibition of discrimination in education on the basis of pregnancy. 106.40 (a) and (b), specifically prohibit educational institutions that are recipients of federal financial assistance from applying any rule concerning a student’s actual or potential parental, family, or marital status that treats students differently on the basis of sex and from discriminating against any student on the basis of such student’s pregnancy, childbirth, false pregnancy, termination of pregnancy or recovery therefrom, unless the student requests voluntarily to participate in a separate portion of the recipient’s education program or activity. (employment) The law described in paragraphs 75 and 76 of the Second and Third Periodic Report concerning the protections offered by these statutes has not changed. The Court also relied on the lack of Congressional intent to apply the PDA retroactively to pregnancy-based distinctions. In recognition of the severity of the crimes associated with domestic violence, sexual assault, and stalking, Congress passed the Violence Against Women Act of 1994 (VAWA 1994) as part of the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994. ** Some applicants have been denied twice (i.e., filed once, denied, and then filed again). A number of institutional structures exist to combat trafficking in persons, including forced labor. DOJ has made significant progress in implementing the recommendations listed in this paragraph and expects to be able to implement all of them. Shackling of pregnant female prisoners during transportation, labor, and delivery. Proceedings may also be closed to the public upon a showing by DHS that information to be disclosed in court may harm the national security or law enforcement interests of the United States, 8 C. For purposes of brevity those descriptions and explanations will not be repeated in this report. In this report, the United States has considered carefully the views expressed by the Committee in its prior written communications and public sessions with the United States. Government has consulted with representatives of civil society and has sought information and input from their organizations. Paragraphs 12-25 of the Initial Report and paragraphs 5-14 of the combined Second and Third Periodic Report set forth the policy of the United States of promoting self-government in the Insular Areas of the United States. The Insular Areas of the United States remain the same as indicated in the combined Second and Third Periodic Report. In 2009, President Obama expanded the mandate of the Task Force to include recommendations on policies that promote job creation, education, health care, clean energy, and economic development in Puerto Rico. The initiative involves “bridge training” for state police officers, enabling them to become federal officers; and collaboration with the Indian Health Service to develop a unified response mechanism to prevent and contain suicide emergencies. Similarly, the way in which a state government chooses to allocate its financial resources among categories of needy people will be reviewed under this highly deferential standard. Additionally, CRD enforces the anti-discrimination provision of the Immigration and Nationality Act, codified at 8 U. Employers may not treat work-authorized individuals differently because of their citizenship status. DOJ/CRD has placed a priority on prosecuting bias crimes and incidents of discrimination against Muslims, Sikhs, and persons of Arab and South Asian descent, as well as persons perceived to be members of these groups. HHS/OCR has received complaints filed by or on behalf of a wide range of individuals, including individuals with physical, psychiatric, developmental, and cognitive impairments, and individuals of all ages. Department of Agriculture (USDA) continues to implement the historic civil rights Consent Decree in the federal district court case of Pigford v. As of June 30, 2010, over 22,600 class members had received more than $1 billion in damages and debt relief. Within DHS, the Transportation Security Administration (TSA), Customs and Border Protection (CBP), the Office of Policy, the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), the Homeland Security Advisory Council (HSAC) and the U. Citizenship and Immigration Service (USCIS) also frequently participate in community engagement efforts. Unlawful discrimination shall not be condoned.” Furthermore, the entire chain of command must be used “to promote, support, and enforce the MEO program. State policy regarding the medical care that will be provided to those in state custody must be made with due regard for an individual’s medical needs and the medical judgment of qualified health care providers. Several investigations of various aspects of BOP operations have been conducted in the last several years. In the spirit of cooperation, the United States has provided as much information as possible on a number of issues raised by the committee and/or civil society, whether or not they bear directly on formal obligations arising under the Covenant. Civil society representatives have raised a variety of concerns on many of the topics addressed in this report, a number of which are noted in the text of the report. The United States continues to exercise sovereignty over a number of Insular Areas, each of which is unique and constitutes an integral part of the U. They include Puerto Rico, a Commonwealth that is self-governing under its own constitution; Guam, an unincorporated, organized territory of the United States; American Samoa, an unincorporated, unorganized territory of the United States; the U. Virgin Islands, an unincorporated, organized territory of the United States; and the Northern Mariana Islands, a self-governing commonwealth in political union with the United States. Bush declared the policy that the will of the people of Puerto Rico regarding their political status should be ascertained periodically through referenda sponsored either by the United States Government or by the legislature of Puerto Rico, 57 F. The 2011 Task Force Report included extensive recommendations on these issues, as well as a recommendation, inter alia, that “the President, Congress and the leadership and people of Puerto Rico work to ensure that Puerto Ricans are able to express their will about status options and have that will acted upon….” A link to the 2011 Task Force Report can be found at: The United States is home to over 560 federally recognized tribes, with about 50 percent of the American Indian and Alaska Native population residing on or near their homelands. More than 40 years have passed since the United States adopted the policy of greater tribal autonomy. This initiative also includes a substantial effort to recruit and hire new personnel. The Department of Justice also has created a Tribal Nations Leadership Council, made up of tribal leaders selected by the federally recognized tribes, to advise the Department on issues critical to Indian country. In 2011, the Attorney General launched a Violence Against Women Federal and Tribal Prosecution Task Force composed of federal and tribal prosecutors. All of its litigating sections, including employment, education, and housing, are engaged in this effort. Thus, under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act, for example, it is unlawful for an employer to take any action that “well might have dissuaded a reasonable [person] from making or supporting a charge of discrimination.” Burlington N. Through September 2010, HHS/OCR had conducted 581 investigations, achieving corrective action in 61 % of investigated cases. There has been concern, however, about the large number of petitioners whose petitions have not been considered on the merits. In addition, CRCL sponsors dozens of other events each year, including meetings on topics of particular interest (e.g., modesty concerns related to TSA’s Advanced Imaging Technology and pat-down procedures) and youth engagement events (e.g., Muslim American youth roundtables). The chain of command is the primary and preferred channel for identifying and correcting discriminatory practices. Federal courts also become involved if litigation is initiated. Under Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Safe Streets Act, state and local prisons that receive federal financial assistance are prohibited from discriminating on the basis of race, color, national origin, religion, and sex in their services, programs, and activities. Abuses do occur in jails and prisons in the United States, and DOJ has prosecuted many cases involving federal and state prison officials. These statutes allow suit for declaratory or equitable relief for a pattern or practice of unconstitutional conditions of confinement. The criminal statutes at the time also did not apply to personnel working in private facilities that housed federal prisoners pursuant to contracts with the federal government. Secretary Salazar stated that the Department of the Interior would look at ways to preserve native languages through the Indian education system, and would examine other issues related to education. Allotment of tribal lands ceased with the enactment of the Indian Reorganization Act of 1934 (“IRA”). If a tribe chose not to manage its own trust accounts, or if the BIA found that a tribe could not fulfill the necessary fiduciary obligations, the government retained control over the accounts. In 1994, Congress also enacted the Indian Trust Fund Management Reform Act, which recognized the federal government’s preexisting trust responsibilities. See Presidential Proclamation – National Equal Pay Day, The burden of justification is demanding and it rests entirely on the state, which must show “at least that the [challenged] classification serves important governmental objectives and that the discriminatory means employed are substantially related to the achievement of those objectives.” Id. 53 (2001), the Supreme Court upheld a federal immigration statute that made sex-based distinctions in the process for establishing citizenship for children born out-of-wedlock where one parent was a U. The Court found that the statute sought to further an important governmental interest in ensuring a biological relationship between the citizen parent and the child – a situation with regard to which mothers and fathers are differently situated, since a mother’s relationship is verifiable from birth. In April 2009, the EEOC issued “Best Practices to Avoid Discrimination Against Caregivers” ( Pregnancy/maternity leave discrimination in housing and lending. For those victims who wished to be reunited with their families abroad, the United States has assisted in achieving safe reunions. Of 90 prosecutions, 83 had resulted in convictions or guilty pleas; in addition, there had been one acquittal and six dismissals. These included improved training of prison staff, establishment of a zero tolerance policy, and improved guidance for prisoners concerning how to report abuse. At the outset of a proceeding, the immigration judge ust advise the alien of his or her right to representation, provide information on pro-bono counsel, and inform the alien that he or she will have the opportunity to examine and object to evidence and to cross-examine witnesses. He further stated that he would work to strengthen tribal court systems, and that he planned to address the serious declining conditions of detention facilities in Indian country as well as staffing needs for those facilities. Joint efforts between EEOC and OPM also are underway to enforce equal pay laws within the federal government. In addition, “the justification must be genuine, not hypothesized or invented post hoc in response to litigation. The Fair Housing Act prohibits discrimination on the basis of familial status, which includes anyone who is pregnant or is in the process of securing legal custody of a child, in all housing transactions, including mortgage lending. 1595(a)), and give victims an avenue for civil lawsuits (18 U. Victims of trafficking and certain family members may also be eligible for temporary immigration relief in the United States, with the possibility of eventual permanent residency through the T and U visa programs. The report also recommended that DOJ instruct prisons to consider alternatives to automatic isolation and transfer of prisoners that allege sexual abuse, and that DOJ develop procedures to ensure that victims receive appropriate psychological and medical assessments. The rule of law and equal administration of justice has busted monopolies, shut down political machines that were corrupt, ended abuses of power. Both the plaintiffs and the federal government appealed these rulings. For example, in 20, such opportunities included a partnership with Argonne National Laboratory to mentor American Indian and Alaska Native interns in management of tribal energy and natural resources, and the creation of the Tribal Energy and Environmental Information Clearinghouse (TEEIC) – a knowledge base to help tribes and tribal organizations develop environmental analysis and evaluation programs and processes that further their energy and economic goals (see a partnership with the Colorado School of Mines to assist tribal colleges in developing energy engineering courses; and an annual Indian Education Renewable Energy Challenge for tribal college and Bureau of Indian Affairs high school students, sponsored by the Department of the Interior in partnership with Argonne National Laboratory. These compliance reviews and directed activities address a range of civil rights issues, such as sexual harassment and sexual violence, racial harassment, sex discrimination in athletics, accessibility of facilities for persons with disabilities, access to Advance Placement and similar courses for students with disabilities as well as minority students, discriminatory discipline of students with disabilities and minority students, minority and English learner (EL) students inappropriately included in or excluded from special education services, meaningful access to districts’ educational programs for EL students and their parents, and other issues. ED/OCR also provides technical assistance and offers policy guidance on how to prevent and address discrimination on the basis of race, color, national origin, sex, disability, or age to the thousands of educational institutions and millions of students and parents who fall under its jurisdiction. 1681, which prohibits sex-based discrimination in federally-assisted educational programs. The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), 20 U. The IDEA requires school systems to develop an appropriate individualized education program for each child with a disability designed to meet the child’s specific educational needs. The Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services (OSERS) in ED administers the IDEA. Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, 29 U. Under these regulations, “[a] recipient that operates a public elementary or secondary education program or activity shall provide a free appropriate public education to each qualified handicapped person who is in the recipient’s jurisdiction, regardless of the nature or severity of the person’s handicap.” See 34 C. Recent accomplishments have included the filing of a consent decree requiring payment of a minimum of $6.1 million in United States v. Additional information on cases can be found at and in U. reports filed with the Committee on Elimination of Racial Discrimination, available at DOJ has also brought numerous cases alleging sexual harassment in housing. In fiscal year 2010, 4,100 covered entities took corrective actions as a result of HHS OCR intervention. As some members of civil society have noted, concerns have been raised about the treatment of persons in prisons and mental health facilities. Independent media have exposed corruption at all levels of business and government. Internship and energy challenge opportunities are being planned for 2012. Although tribal lands often have oil, gas, coal, or uranium resources, and tremendous renewable energy resources, tribal communities face immense energy challenges. In fiscal years 20, OCR has delivered over 750 technical assistance presentations, , both to help educational institutions comply with federal civil rights requirements, and to inform parents, students and others of their rights under the law. Examples of recent resolutions of ED/OCR and DOJ/CRD complaints and compliance reviews include: 66. Government’s enforcement of Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, 20 U. It developed the Title IX common rule, published on August 30, 2000, by 21 agencies (including DOJ) that, until that time, did not have Title IX regulations, to ensure consistent application of the prohibition against sex discrimination. In 2009, the Supreme Court held that the IDEA authorizes reimbursement for private special education services when a public school district fails to provide a “free appropriate public education” as required by the Act, and where private school placement is appropriate, regardless of whether the child had previously received special educational services through the public school district. AIG Federal Savings Bank and Wilmington Finance (2010), which involved racial discrimination against Black/African American borrowers in fees charged on wholesale mortgage loans; and resolution of U. These cases have resulted in the payment of millions of dollars in damages to female tenants, as well as orders permanently barring sexual harassers from managing rental properties. HHS/OCR also provided training and technical assistance to more than 55,975 individuals. As discussed below, particular concerns include prison rape and sexual harassment of women, shackling of pregnant female prisoners, and treatment of mentally ill persons in mental health facilities. As described in greater detail in paragraph 176 of the Second and Third Periodic Reports, individuals convicted of federal crimes in the United States are sentenced by courts to the custody of the U. Attorney General, who oversees the Federal Bureau of Prisons (BOP).

billion in damages and debt relief. Within DHS, the Transportation Security Administration (TSA), Customs and Border Protection (CBP), the Office of Policy, the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), the Homeland Security Advisory Council (HSAC) and the U. Citizenship and Immigration Service (USCIS) also frequently participate in community engagement efforts. Unlawful discrimination shall not be condoned.” Furthermore, the entire chain of command must be used “to promote, support, and enforce the MEO program. State policy regarding the medical care that will be provided to those in state custody must be made with due regard for an individual’s medical needs and the medical judgment of qualified health care providers. Several investigations of various aspects of BOP operations have been conducted in the last several years. In the spirit of cooperation, the United States has provided as much information as possible on a number of issues raised by the committee and/or civil society, whether or not they bear directly on formal obligations arising under the Covenant. Civil society representatives have raised a variety of concerns on many of the topics addressed in this report, a number of which are noted in the text of the report. The United States continues to exercise sovereignty over a number of Insular Areas, each of which is unique and constitutes an integral part of the U. They include Puerto Rico, a Commonwealth that is self-governing under its own constitution; Guam, an unincorporated, organized territory of the United States; American Samoa, an unincorporated, unorganized territory of the United States; the U. Virgin Islands, an unincorporated, organized territory of the United States; and the Northern Mariana Islands, a self-governing commonwealth in political union with the United States. Bush declared the policy that the will of the people of Puerto Rico regarding their political status should be ascertained periodically through referenda sponsored either by the United States Government or by the legislature of Puerto Rico, 57 F. The 2011 Task Force Report included extensive recommendations on these issues, as well as a recommendation, inter alia, that “the President, Congress and the leadership and people of Puerto Rico work to ensure that Puerto Ricans are able to express their will about status options and have that will acted upon….” A link to the 2011 Task Force Report can be found at: The United States is home to over 560 federally recognized tribes, with about 50 percent of the American Indian and Alaska Native population residing on or near their homelands. More than 40 years have passed since the United States adopted the policy of greater tribal autonomy. This initiative also includes a substantial effort to recruit and hire new personnel. The Department of Justice also has created a Tribal Nations Leadership Council, made up of tribal leaders selected by the federally recognized tribes, to advise the Department on issues critical to Indian country. In 2011, the Attorney General launched a Violence Against Women Federal and Tribal Prosecution Task Force composed of federal and tribal prosecutors. All of its litigating sections, including employment, education, and housing, are engaged in this effort. Thus, under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act, for example, it is unlawful for an employer to take any action that “well might have dissuaded a reasonable [person] from making or supporting a charge of discrimination.” Burlington N. Through September 2010, HHS/OCR had conducted 581 investigations, achieving corrective action in 61 % of investigated cases. There has been concern, however, about the large number of petitioners whose petitions have not been considered on the merits. In addition, CRCL sponsors dozens of other events each year, including meetings on topics of particular interest (e.g., modesty concerns related to TSA’s Advanced Imaging Technology and pat-down procedures) and youth engagement events (e.g., Muslim American youth roundtables). The chain of command is the primary and preferred channel for identifying and correcting discriminatory practices. Federal courts also become involved if litigation is initiated. Under Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Safe Streets Act, state and local prisons that receive federal financial assistance are prohibited from discriminating on the basis of race, color, national origin, religion, and sex in their services, programs, and activities. Abuses do occur in jails and prisons in the United States, and DOJ has prosecuted many cases involving federal and state prison officials. These statutes allow suit for declaratory or equitable relief for a pattern or practice of unconstitutional conditions of confinement. The criminal statutes at the time also did not apply to personnel working in private facilities that housed federal prisoners pursuant to contracts with the federal government. Secretary Salazar stated that the Department of the Interior would look at ways to preserve native languages through the Indian education system, and would examine other issues related to education. Allotment of tribal lands ceased with the enactment of the Indian Reorganization Act of 1934 (“IRA”). If a tribe chose not to manage its own trust accounts, or if the BIA found that a tribe could not fulfill the necessary fiduciary obligations, the government retained control over the accounts. In 1994, Congress also enacted the Indian Trust Fund Management Reform Act, which recognized the federal government’s preexisting trust responsibilities. See Presidential Proclamation – National Equal Pay Day, The burden of justification is demanding and it rests entirely on the state, which must show “at least that the [challenged] classification serves important governmental objectives and that the discriminatory means employed are substantially related to the achievement of those objectives.” Id. 53 (2001), the Supreme Court upheld a federal immigration statute that made sex-based distinctions in the process for establishing citizenship for children born out-of-wedlock where one parent was a U. The Court found that the statute sought to further an important governmental interest in ensuring a biological relationship between the citizen parent and the child – a situation with regard to which mothers and fathers are differently situated, since a mother’s relationship is verifiable from birth. In April 2009, the EEOC issued “Best Practices to Avoid Discrimination Against Caregivers” ( Pregnancy/maternity leave discrimination in housing and lending. For those victims who wished to be reunited with their families abroad, the United States has assisted in achieving safe reunions. Of 90 prosecutions, 83 had resulted in convictions or guilty pleas; in addition, there had been one acquittal and six dismissals. These included improved training of prison staff, establishment of a zero tolerance policy, and improved guidance for prisoners concerning how to report abuse. At the outset of a proceeding, the immigration judge ust advise the alien of his or her right to representation, provide information on pro-bono counsel, and inform the alien that he or she will have the opportunity to examine and object to evidence and to cross-examine witnesses. He further stated that he would work to strengthen tribal court systems, and that he planned to address the serious declining conditions of detention facilities in Indian country as well as staffing needs for those facilities. Joint efforts between EEOC and OPM also are underway to enforce equal pay laws within the federal government. In addition, “the justification must be genuine, not hypothesized or invented post hoc in response to litigation. The Fair Housing Act prohibits discrimination on the basis of familial status, which includes anyone who is pregnant or is in the process of securing legal custody of a child, in all housing transactions, including mortgage lending. 1595(a)), and give victims an avenue for civil lawsuits (18 U. Victims of trafficking and certain family members may also be eligible for temporary immigration relief in the United States, with the possibility of eventual permanent residency through the T and U visa programs. The report also recommended that DOJ instruct prisons to consider alternatives to automatic isolation and transfer of prisoners that allege sexual abuse, and that DOJ develop procedures to ensure that victims receive appropriate psychological and medical assessments. The rule of law and equal administration of justice has busted monopolies, shut down political machines that were corrupt, ended abuses of power. Both the plaintiffs and the federal government appealed these rulings. For example, in 20, such opportunities included a partnership with Argonne National Laboratory to mentor American Indian and Alaska Native interns in management of tribal energy and natural resources, and the creation of the Tribal Energy and Environmental Information Clearinghouse (TEEIC) – a knowledge base to help tribes and tribal organizations develop environmental analysis and evaluation programs and processes that further their energy and economic goals (see a partnership with the Colorado School of Mines to assist tribal colleges in developing energy engineering courses; and an annual Indian Education Renewable Energy Challenge for tribal college and Bureau of Indian Affairs high school students, sponsored by the Department of the Interior in partnership with Argonne National Laboratory. These compliance reviews and directed activities address a range of civil rights issues, such as sexual harassment and sexual violence, racial harassment, sex discrimination in athletics, accessibility of facilities for persons with disabilities, access to Advance Placement and similar courses for students with disabilities as well as minority students, discriminatory discipline of students with disabilities and minority students, minority and English learner (EL) students inappropriately included in or excluded from special education services, meaningful access to districts’ educational programs for EL students and their parents, and other issues. ED/OCR also provides technical assistance and offers policy guidance on how to prevent and address discrimination on the basis of race, color, national origin, sex, disability, or age to the thousands of educational institutions and millions of students and parents who fall under its jurisdiction. 1681, which prohibits sex-based discrimination in federally-assisted educational programs. The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), 20 U. The IDEA requires school systems to develop an appropriate individualized education program for each child with a disability designed to meet the child’s specific educational needs. The Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services (OSERS) in ED administers the IDEA. Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, 29 U. Under these regulations, “[a] recipient that operates a public elementary or secondary education program or activity shall provide a free appropriate public education to each qualified handicapped person who is in the recipient’s jurisdiction, regardless of the nature or severity of the person’s handicap.” See 34 C. Recent accomplishments have included the filing of a consent decree requiring payment of a minimum of .1 million in United States v. Additional information on cases can be found at and in U. reports filed with the Committee on Elimination of Racial Discrimination, available at DOJ has also brought numerous cases alleging sexual harassment in housing. In fiscal year 2010, 4,100 covered entities took corrective actions as a result of HHS OCR intervention. As some members of civil society have noted, concerns have been raised about the treatment of persons in prisons and mental health facilities. Independent media have exposed corruption at all levels of business and government. Internship and energy challenge opportunities are being planned for 2012. Although tribal lands often have oil, gas, coal, or uranium resources, and tremendous renewable energy resources, tribal communities face immense energy challenges. In fiscal years 20, OCR has delivered over 750 technical assistance presentations, , both to help educational institutions comply with federal civil rights requirements, and to inform parents, students and others of their rights under the law. Examples of recent resolutions of ED/OCR and DOJ/CRD complaints and compliance reviews include: 66. Government’s enforcement of Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, 20 U. It developed the Title IX common rule, published on August 30, 2000, by 21 agencies (including DOJ) that, until that time, did not have Title IX regulations, to ensure consistent application of the prohibition against sex discrimination. In 2009, the Supreme Court held that the IDEA authorizes reimbursement for private special education services when a public school district fails to provide a “free appropriate public education” as required by the Act, and where private school placement is appropriate, regardless of whether the child had previously received special educational services through the public school district. AIG Federal Savings Bank and Wilmington Finance (2010), which involved racial discrimination against Black/African American borrowers in fees charged on wholesale mortgage loans; and resolution of U. These cases have resulted in the payment of millions of dollars in damages to female tenants, as well as orders permanently barring sexual harassers from managing rental properties. HHS/OCR also provided training and technical assistance to more than 55,975 individuals. As discussed below, particular concerns include prison rape and sexual harassment of women, shackling of pregnant female prisoners, and treatment of mentally ill persons in mental health facilities. As described in greater detail in paragraph 176 of the Second and Third Periodic Reports, individuals convicted of federal crimes in the United States are sentenced by courts to the custody of the U. Attorney General, who oversees the Federal Bureau of Prisons (BOP).

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