During the Civil War following the Russian Revolution in 1917, Georgia briefly became part of the Transcaucasian Federation and then emerged as an independent republic before the Red Army invasion in 1921 which established a government of workers' and peasants' soviets.Soviet Georgia would be incorporated into a new Transcaucasian Federation which in 1922 would be a founding republic of the Soviet Union.
Almost 200 Georgian servicemen were reported killed or missing, while Russian military casualties stand at 64.
While blaming "all sides" for war crimes, the EU report singled out Russian backed South Ossetian paramilitaries for "systematic looting and destruction of ethnic Georgian villages"."Several elements suggest the conclusion that ethnic cleansing was indeed practised against ethnic Georgians in South Ossetia," it said.
After Soviet leader Josef Stalin, a native Georgian, died in 1953, a wave of protest spread against Nikita Khrushchev and his de-Stalinization reforms, leading to the death of nearly one hundred students in 1956.
From that time on, Georgia would become marred with blatant corruption and increased alienation of the government from the people.
In the late 18th century, the eastern Georgian Kingdom of Kartli-Kakheti forged an alliance with the Russian Empire, which directly annexed the kingdom in 1801 and conquered the western Kingdom of Imereti in 1810.
Russian rule over Georgia was eventually acknowledged in various peace treaties with Iran and the Ottomans and the remaining Georgian territories were absorbed by the Russian Empire in a piecemeal fashion in the course of the 19th century.Her report stated: "There was no ongoing armed attack by Russia before the start of the Georgian operation.Georgian claims of a large-scale presence of Russian armed forces in South Ossetia prior to the Georgian offensive could not be substantiated by the mission.A unified Kingdom of Georgia reached its Golden Age during the reign of King David IV and Queen Tamar in the 12th and early 13th centuries.Thereafter, the kingdom declined and eventually disintegrated under hegemony of various regional powers, including the Mongols, the Ottoman Empire, and successive dynasties of Iran.Armenian Porn Tube K makes hearts of thousands of fans go boom, the naughty tools in their pants start giving heavy throbs at the first notice of this huge free Armenian Porn Tube.Heidi Tagliavini, the Swiss diplomat who led the EU "mission", rejected Georgian claims that it was defending itself from an imminent Russian attack or violence from Moscow sponsored South Ossetian militias.More than 100,000 civilians on both sides were displaced at the height of the conflict.Several thousand South Ossetian civilians remain homeless and some 25,000 Georgians have been unable to return to South Ossetia.Georgia is a member of the United Nations, the Council of Europe, and the GUAM Organization for Democracy and Economic Development.It contains two de facto independent regions, Abkhazia and South Ossetia, which gained very limited international recognition after the 2008 Russo-Georgian War.