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May 13, 2008 in Eastern Orthodox Christianity Tags: astrology, astronomy, Byzantine, Byzantium, calendars, canonization, Catholic Church, Catholicism, Christianity, computer analogies, computer programs, computers, computus, Divine Liturgy, Easter, Eastern Catholic Church, Eastern Catholicism, Eastern Christianity, Eastern Orthodoxy, Eucharist, fasts, feast days, glorification, Gregorian Calendar, High Church, Holidays, holydays, Hours, Julian Calendar, Latin Christianity, Latin Church, liturgical reform, liturgy, Liturgy of the Hours, medieval, Middle Ages, name-day, New Calendar, nonviolence, nonviolent resistance, Old Calendar, order of worship, Ordinarius, ordo, Orthodox Christianity, orthodoxy, Pascha, paschalion, religion, Revised Julian Calendar, Roman Catholic Church, Roman Catholicism, Rome, saints, science, seasons, Second Vatican Council, slava, snow, software, Southern Hemisphere, tradition, Tridentine Mass, Typicon, Typikon, Unia, Uniates, Uniatism, Uniats, Vatican II, weather, Western Christianity, worship Christ is Risen! Yes, on the Third Monday of Pascha yesterday morning – May 12 (NS)!– some snow stuck to the ground in higher elevations of southwestern Pennsylvania (link may break), the Commonwealth where I and alot of other Orthodox live!
(I’ve read that most Muslims still schedule their religious feasts and fasts, such as Eid and Ramadan, this way – which is why they don’t know too far in advance when they will be – although a standardized calendar has been adopted in Saudi Arabia that approximates it but is more convenient for people.) The canonical Gospels tie the Lord’s passion and death to the start of Passover that year (whether you believe the Last Supper was *the* Passover supper, or the day before, as debated).
They also inform us that He was crucified on a Friday, and rose from the dead on a Sunday (“the third day”).
The 1st Ecumenical Synod, the Council of Nicea (AD 325), seems to have indirectly mandated this scheme for all Christians, and over the next several centuries this was how it was worked out.
Furthermore, it mandated the Pope and Patriarch of Alexandria, whose community seemed to major in this, to make the calculation and inform the rest of the Church each year. Otherwise, it’s only a “mystery” to someone who hasn’t done his homework.* Also in the picture is that ancient Christianity fixed the ‘official’ date of the equinox at March 21, its traditional Julian Calendar date from before Christ.
March 17, 2008 in Eastern Orthodox Christianity Tags: calendars, computus, Easter, Eastern Christianity, Eastern Orthodoxy, Exodus , Exodus 12:6, Gregorian Calendar, Holy Week, Julian Calendar, New Calendar, Nicaea, Nicea, Old Calendar, Orthodox Christianity, orthodoxy, Pascha, Passover, St.
Patrick's Day, standardization Tomorrow is March 17, the feast of St. Because it’s also Monday of Holy Week for Western Christians (as well as some Eastern Catholics, and Orthodox in Finland and some in Estonia) – the earliest it’s come since 1856 – some towns and churches held St. Reasons why in Mainstream Media (“MSM”) have often sounded a bit strange.
This discussion goes back to my recent post occasioned by the (Western) Good Friday Blizzard in the U. Midwest,* pointing out that the (small-T) traditional Western association of Easter with Spring is actually more likely to be fulfilled by Orthodox Pascha – for the next few thousand years anyway, if the Lord doesn’t return in Glory first – because at this time it’s usually one, two, or five weeks later than Easter, and will gradually get later vis a vis the seasons, over time, until of course it reaches Northern Autumn, Anyway, that means it’s alot less likely to snow in the Northern Hemisphere, or be wintry-cold; not impossible, just less likely!
I’ve been prevented by circumstances from replying to A Simple Sinner’s challenge there until now, among them my own continued study of the Calendar situation within Orthodoxy, and between Orthodoxy and Catholicism / Protestantism.
For instance, a WWW science writer told my local paper, the in a front-page story today, “Easter is determined …
by calculating the position of the full moon in the time of Jesus.” I thought this was strange because I’d never heard it put this way, plus in “higher-critical” Western thinking, we don’t to add insult to injury, the paper’s religion writer blamed Easter dating on “a mysterious creation, a historical artifact known as the ‘Paschal full moon.'” (I won’t bother linking to this story, since the link will break shortly.) Here’s what they mean though.