Students also completed questionnaires during scheduled lesson time using electronic tablets.
Trained fieldworkers attended each data collection session.
Among females, 46.1% experienced controlling behaviours and 31.6% threatening behaviours; 49.9% of males experienced controlling behaviours, 27.1% threatening behaviours and 5.8% online sexual violence.
The odds of DRV victimization were 2–8 times greater for males and 2–4 times greater for females who had ever sent a sexually explicit image.
Cross-sectional self-report data were collected from 1751 students aged 16–19 at six FE settings in England and Wales.
Factor analysis examined the structure of DRV victimization by gender.Dating and relationship violence (DRV) is under-researched in the UK, especially among Further Education (FE) students.This study examines the association between DRV victimization and socio-demographic characteristics, sexual identity and dating and relationship behaviours among 16–19 year olds FE students.In England, the age at which most young people leave education has been raised to 18 years.Further Education (FE) settings are educational settings that primarily serve 16–19 year olds.Multiple modes of recruitment were used to invite all students aged 16–19 to participate.Information about the study and a weblink to the electronic (e)-questionnaire were emailed to all students using their institutional email where possible.There are now more than 1.5 million young people aged 16–19 studying in FE, with increasing participation across all social groups.They are environments where young people are socialized into gender norms and where significant amounts of gender-based harassment and DRV go unchallenged.Evidence of associations between socio-demographic factors and adolescent DRV victimization is equivocal, with most studies undertaken in North America.A review of 61 studies reported lower socio-economic status (SES) was associated with an increased risk for DRV victimization.